Lying within 15 terrestrial and 5 marine ecozones, Canada is teeming with rich and rare flora and fauna. To enjoy the country’s fabulous natural gifts, a visit to these national parks in Canada is a must!
Banff National Park
Established in 1885, Banff National Park is one of the oldest national parks in Canada. Nestled amidst the rocky mountains of Alberta, this popular park features 56 recorded mammal species along with 280 species of birds. Predatory mammals in the park include cougar, Canada lynx, wolverine, red fox, weasel, river otter and coyote. For the harsh climatic conditions of the country, not many reptiles and amphibians are found in the park. Interestingly, the Banff National Park is one of the most visited tourist destinations and among the most visited national parks in North America.
Elk Island National Park
Situated in the Beaverhills area, Elk Island National Park is a famous national park in Canada. This national park features the densest population of hoofed mammals in Canada including coyote, plains bison, moose, mule deer, lynx, beaver, elk, white-tailed deer and porcupine. Black bears and timber wolves can also be found in certain areas of the park. Apart from wildlife spotting, certain activities like camping, hiking and snowshoeing can be enjoyed by the visitors.
Gros Morne National Park
Located on the west coast of Newfoundland, Gros Morne National Park is the second largest national park in Atlantic Canada. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, the park protects a wide range of animal species including caribou, black bears, red foxes, snowshoe hares, red squirrels and lynxes. Among others moose is the most easily spottable animal in the park. Here, hiking is one of the most popular activities enjoyed by most visitors.
Jasper National Park
Located north of Banff National Park and west of Edmonton, Jasper National Park is the largest national park in Canada. Established in 1907 by Jasper Hawes, the park houses numerous animal species including elk, moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, lynx, black beer, timber wolf and wolverine. On the other hand, raptors, bald eagles and great horned owl are some of the different birds found in the park. Scenic attractions around the park include the Mount Edith Cavell and Pyramid Mountains.
Kejimkujik National Park
Located in the tiny province of Nova Scotia, Kejimkujik National Park is yet another well-known national park in Canada. Designated as a National Historic Site of Canada, the park is home to numerous birds and animals including moose, warblers, white-tailed deer, barred owls, beavers, porcupines, woodpeckers, martens, and loons. Certain species of coyotes can also be seen in the park.
La Mauricie National Park
Situated in the Mauricie region of Quebec, La Mauricie National Park is a popular tourist attraction with more than 150 lakes and ponds. Established in 1970, the park houses more than 400 species of vascular plants including lichens and mosses. Coyote, red fox, moose, black bear and snowshoe hare are some of the animals spotted here.
Riding Mountain National Park
Spanning three different ecosystems, Riding Mountain National Park is a well-known national park in Canada. Designated a Biosphere Reserve, the park protects a diverse range of animals including elk, porcupines, coyotes, moose, timber wolves, beavers, lynxes and white-tailed deer. Giant Bison can also be spotted in the park. Further, the park is known for its wildflowers and unique vegetation.